There are many reasons why you should Visit Chichen Itza archeological zone, one of them is the majesty of its constructions and history. Visit Chichen Itza archeological zone with this info.
Chichen Itza is an ancient Mayan city built in 900 a.c located in the state of Yucatan, which is surrounded by impressive water bodies (cenotes) and a vast jungle of abundant trees and plant population. With thousands of years of astrological and mathematical knowledge, this site is so important that it was considered since 1988 as a cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO and in 2007 as one of the seven wonders of the world.
Chichen Itza has a deep meaning because its name means Chichén (Mouth of the well) of the water witches (Itzá).
In ancient times, the inhabitants of this area were very attached to their beliefs about the gods of the underworld. One of the most revered gods received the name of Kukulcan. Its Spanish translation means Serpiente Emplumada (feathered Snake).
Kukulcan is the name that receives the main tourist attraction of this site, also known as “The Castle,” a pyramid more than 30 meters high and 55 meters long with nine stepped bodies and a platform at the top. Additionally, the pyramid has three different faces, which are crossed by smaller steps, which add 364 between all sides, when added with the last step, the result is 365, the same number used to count the days in the Mayan calendar (and is currently used in the Gregorian calendar).
Some of the most famous sculptures of this site have not yet discovered. This is why they are closed and do not allow public access.
You don’t need to know much about Chichen Itza to be impressed during your visit about this acclaimed archaeological site, because during the equinox of May and September. You will be able to enjoy a shadow of snake projected by the light of the sun and the shadow of the steps descending from the top of the castle to the ground, making veneration this way this pyramid to the god Kukulcan.
Interesting facts you didn’t know about Chichen Itza.
Inside the pyramid of Kukulcan, there is an even smaller pyramid. Same in which it’s believed that the sorcerers and shamans of the site inhabited. In this place, they prepared to perform rites and ceremonies of adoration for their gods.
In the deepest part of the Mayan pyramid, you will find a cenote in which it is believed that sacrifices were thrown because, during archaeological expeditions, human bones, jewelry such as jade and gold pieces have been found and documented. Same that to date decreased and is now in conservation, because previously anyone had access to this site.
What activities took place at Chichen Itza Archeological Zone?
The Mayas were known for being an advanced civilization, as their knowledge in astrology and mathematics were superior to any existing culture. One of the best-known areas within the ancient Mayan city is the observatory, called “El Caracol,” because its steps are circular surrounding the inside of the observatory. Place where the wisest Mayans came to study the stars for the construction of the totality of its impressive structures.
One of the most important activities was carried out in the enclosure, such as the ball game, considered a ritual in which the participants had to introduce a ball of leather or chewing gum inside a stone hole in the heights of the court using only the hip. Very similar to football, right? However, this game was not done with the intention of distraction or fun but was carried out to solve problems of high hierarchical levels, in which the loser was sacrificed.
The ballroom has two areas at each end of the court; one called the temple of the jaguars and the north temple.
This place is considered the largest ballroom in Mesoamerica.
What do you need to know before traveling to Chichen Itza?
How to get to Chichen Itza
Getting to this ancient Mayan city is very easy, because, if you have the possibility of taking a transport service, taxi or car rental, these will help you get quickly to the site.
If you are visiting the Mayan Riviera and some of the most important archaeological sites of Yucatan, you will have to know that Chichen Itza is a must-visit, so you can plan your travel route close to the places you want to know, so you will know more about the Mayan culture and customs that had for each area.
Precautions before traveling
Before your trip, you have to take into account the following.
Be sure to pack comfortable clothing, shorts, and cool t-shirts; these garments will be ideal for your visit to this wonderful place, as temperatures rise to 30 degrees Celsius, and generally, visits and tours in the area have a duration of up to 4 hours.
Wearing sunscreen and a hat will also be very important because being a site founded on rocks and made by more rocks. The sun’s rays tend to reflect on them, so thanks to this extremely high temperatures are maintained, which can be harmful to your skin if you do not take the necessary measures.
Estimate extra expenses, because during your visit, surely you will want to buy some souvenirs or accessory of the region. Don’t forget the near places, there are also restaurants and cenotes, and all this has an extra cost that you will have to take into consideration If you want to make the most of your experience in Chichen Itza.
Stay hydrated. As we mentioned before, during your visit to this site, you will probably be walking for several hours.
Do not forget a mosquito repellent; this will help you greatly because Chichen Itza is surrounded by vast acres of jungle, which harbor insects that can make your experience uncomfortable if you do not take the necessary measures.
Did you know that about Chichen Itza Archeological Zone?
During the nights there is a show of light and sound, do not miss it and enjoy an incredible presentation about the history of the Mayan culture and the impact it had to pass generations until today through projections that will transport you hundreds of years ago.
The “iguanas” are a visual representation of the site because, for millenniums, reptiles were special animals for the Mayan culture, since, they were in charge of safeguarding the corn and cocoa plantations from insects and smaller animals like rodents.
Chichen Itza has an “echo” effect, and this was discovered at the end of the 20th century. The explorers realized when they clapped in front of the main staircase of the pyramid; as soon as the sound bounced up to the top, it generated a sound similar to the singing of a quetzal.
You can make a virtual tour through the INAH portal, where you can learn relevant information about the site if you wish.
Also, this virtual tour has 360-degree images, where you can see the interior of the pyramid of Chichen Itza, the “Cenote Sagrado”, and different hidden sites in the area.
Cenotes were considered as sacred bodies of water, since they considered as a direct portal to the underworld, for the same reason they were the main scenes for sacrifices, offerings, and ceremonies in which the water gods were thanked mainly for the rains and harvests that these brought for the Mayas.
Don’t forget to enjoy your vacations and know more about this place when you visit Chichen Itza archeological zone.